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Bitterne Manor Primary School

Bitterne Manor

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18/05/20 - Observational drawing


Imagine you are observing & studying plants and animals just like Charles Darwin. Make a detailed observational drawing of a plant or bird in your garden, a pet or from a picture you have found.

You could also label/make notes to describe its features. 

11/05/20 - Using sketching and form to create an optical illusion


This week we would like you to use the skills you have learnt with shading and form to create an optical illusion like the one below!






4/05/20 - Observational drawing - lesson 3


Activity 1:


On your daily walk, or using your garden, if you have one, look at the leaves on the trees, plants and flowers that you see around you.


Activity 2:

Select a leaf to sketch. Consider how you will use a detailed line (skills developed in the first week of home learning) and shading and tone (skills developed in the second week of home learning).




Now try sketching a composition by using more than one leaf. Think about how you will show light and shadow.


27/04/20 - OBSERVATIONAL DRAWING - Lesson 2


Tone is the word used to describe the effect of using light and shade in a drawing to show 3D form

Here is a tonal ladder:







Tone varies from the bright white of a light source through shades of grey to the deepest black shadow. Watch the clip below about art pencils and creating tone in your work.

Activity 1: Create your own tonal ladder


Shading is the technique that shows the different tonal values on paper. Showing reflected light, shadows and highlights in your work can give a realistic 3D image.



A light projected onto an object or figure creates lights, darks, and cast shadows. Your source of light may be the sun, the moon, a light through a window or an artificial light.




Activity 2 - Draw a realistic sphere.

Watch this YouTube clip to help you.

How to Draw a Sphere in Pencil

How to Draw a Sphere in Pencil. Part of the series: Drawing 3D Shapes. A light pencil will be the primary tool you need to draw a three dimensional sphere. D...

Activity 3 - Draw a piece of fruit (preferably an apple!)

Using the techniques described, sketch an apple or piece of fruit you have in your home..

Remember to use a variety of pencil grades and to consider where the lightest and darkest areas on the object are situated.

Extension: remove a section of your apple/piece of fruit and redraw the new shape (remembering to use shading to show the darkest areas).



Warm up:


Draw the face of the person sitting opposite you without taking your biro off the page and without looking at your drawing.


  • Decide where you will start on the face
  • Look at your partner’s face rather than your page
  • Let your hand follow the shapes of the face and hair
  • Try to use lines that describe the shape of the face, features and hair
  • Don’t worry about what the drawing looks like


Now look at your drawing:


  • The purpose of this exercise is to focus on the object you are drawing (and look at it very closely) rather than drawing from what you imagine the object to look like
  • This is a key skill when completing observational drawings
  • Try to remember this when completing your following sketches




Using one page in your sketch books, experiment with different methods of making marks with a pencil.

Using different mark making techniques and varying the line quality, complete a detailed observational drawing of a mushroom or alternative vegetable that you have at home



  1. Have I included sufficient detail in my drawing?
  2. Have I used an appropriate scale to be able to include sufficient detail?
  3. Have I varied the thickness of the lines to show contour lines and create light and dark areas?

30/3/20 - FLOTSAM


Create an image based on what the boy could have seen in another photograph.


What strange underwater world can you create?

This could be a drawing, a painting, a model, or even a photograph - if you want to get very hands on and try creating your own strange underwater world in a bowl or jar! 

We can't wait to see what you come up with!

Why not try becoming an illustrator? 

Log on to Rob Biddulph's website (#DrawWithRob) where there are very easy step-by-step instructions on how to draw some of the characters from his books.

Here are our efforts (The Adams Family!):


enlightenedWe even used our drawings as inspiration to write our own stories, then recorded ourselves reading them to send to our Grandma who is self-isolation. Maybe you could do the same and entertain someone you know with your creativity?!